Providing Cutting Points For The Editor


It is the job of the editor to lead an audience through the unravelling of events and to create a story. To do this, he needs to put the shots you've filmed together to create an interpretation of what's happened. Editing the footage will be much easier and quicker when you create places in your footage where the editor can make cuts.

Let your subject leave the frame

Demonstrated in most holiday home movies, you can see that the cameraman keeps following his subject endlessly, and he doesn't really know when to end the shot. You can see that when the subject almost reaches the edge of the frame, the cameraman starts moving the camera to keep him or her in the shot. You should learn to resist the urge to follow the action all the time.

When you see that your subject is about to reach the edge of the frame, decide if you are going to follow it, or if you are going to let your subject leave the shot to provide a cutting point.

If you are following a person or a moving vehicle for example, stop following your subject after about 10 seconds. Remember that it is a good habit to plan the end point of your shot, because you will end with only the background. The editor can cut from an empty frame to almost any shot and maintain visual continuity.

Avoid jump cuts

If the editor needs to cut out part of an interview, for example when the answer of the interviewee is too long, he will need a cutaway shot in order not to make jump cuts. In your additional footage, make sure you include cutaways of essential objects. Make sure that these cutaway shots are sufficiently different in angle and size.

Your Comments


Add Your Comment:

Your name:

Website:

Comment:



More Camerawork

Shot Sizes: The Extreme Close-Up

April 22 2011

When you look at objects around you, you actually see them in tunnel vision, focusing on just one detail at a time. It is very important that you become comfortable filming extreme close-ups.

Shot Size Variation And View Direction

March 25 2011

Every object has a view direction, persons, signs, houses and even rocks. It is important that the view direction is maintained when cutting shots of different sizes after each other.

How To Avoid Audio Jump Cuts

February 26 2011

Just as important to make sure the pictures you film are cuttable, you also need to make sure the sound is continuous.

A moving shot: performing clean A to B movements

February 17 2011

A good moving shot is performed in such a way that it does not draw the audience's attention to the camerawork. When you are filming, you have to plan every shot you make before pressing the record button. Planning a moving shot means you'll actually have to plan two shots: the A-shot and the B-shot.

Creating Useful B-roll Footage

February 10 2011

The B-roll refers to supplemental or alternate footage that is used to intercut with the main shot in an interview or documentary. You need this footage to get out of any tricky editorial situation, and to cover long, visually uninteresting interviews.


Popular

The 7 Steps To Becoming A Professional Cameraman

February 10 2011

Television has continued to hold it's ground and collaborated with the World Wide Web in order to take a huge leap into the virtual world too. This has opened up even more doors for cameramen who wish to enter into the broadcast television industry.

Why Are We Still Filming In Framerates Designed In The 1920's?

March 13 2011

The frame and field rates that have been used for television since the 1920s cause problems for motion portrayal, which are increasingly evident on the large, high-resolution television displays that are now common.

Deciding On Which Camera To Use For Your First Documentary

March 1 2011

Choosing the right camera to film your documentary can be quite a difficult task. But it's also a very important one, so i've made this list of things to consider when buying the camera for your documentary.

How To Use Shot Pacing To Tell A Story More Effectively

February 27 2011

The job of an editor is to cut an item to a fraction of the original running time of the footage. The editor will have to match two rhythms: the rate of shot changes, and the continuity of the action that is captured.

How To Avoid Audio Jump Cuts

February 26 2011

Just as important to make sure the pictures you film are cuttable, you also need to make sure the sound is continuous.

Random stuff